Splicing electrical wires and cables is a recurring activity for electricians, being one of the first lessons learned by professionals in the world of electrical installations.
However, this type of service must be carried out with great care, since failures in the work can reduce the safety and efficiency of the installation.
If you want to make an impeccable splice of electrical wires and cables, it is essential to understand step by step and what types of splices are.
In today’s article, we show the importance of a well-made electrical splice, the main problems in electrical circuits due to inappropriate splices and much more. Good reading!
What is the difference between cables and wires?
Before we talk about splicing wires, it is important to reinforce the difference between cables and electrical wires.
Although these two components are not the same thing, initially, both have the same function: to conduct electric current.
Following the definition of NBR NM 280: 2011, focused on electrical conductors, the electrical wire is formed by only one wire and a thick filament, being more rigid.
However, this rigidity becomes a problem when the wire is used incorrectly and in flexible installations, which can cause the material to break.
In this way, the use of wire is indicated primarily for fixed installations, such as wiring that runs through walls, slabs or plaster.
The electric cable is formed by several conductive wires that make it more flexible, thus supporting pressure or hinges.
Therefore, it is possible to state that the electrical cable is used in practically all domestic objects and electrical systems, precisely because of this advantage.
What is wire or cable splicing?
Generally speaking, it is the union of the ends of two conductors. This type of measurement must be carried out in order to ensure adequate mechanical resistance and perfect, risk-free electrical contact.
In this case, the splices have some functions: extending energy conductors or reconnecting them after breakages and making derivations in a main network of wires, for example.
Types of electrical conductor splices
To help you with the wire splicing service, below we comment on the 3 types available:
Extension splice: used to extend the wiring to reach another point in the network. It is commonly used in electrical installations and it is practically impossible not to resort to this type of amendment at some point.
Derivation amendment: if you need to add a point of light or an outlet to the installation, bet on the derivation amendment, as it takes electricity to another point without interrupting the existing energy flow.
Mouse tail splice: this is a type of extension splice, however, it differs in the way the conductors are connected. Here, they are rolled in parallel and form a single point, hence the name “tail of cat”. This type of splice can be seen in many distribution boxes and outlets.
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